Backend: Handling Response

Register or Login your user to your Database

When the user is authenticated, you will receive a response similar to this from your front end. Your frontend is reponsible for sending this payload to your server.

"email": "", // User's email (or phone number)
"oauth_token": {
"access_token": "eyJhbGciOiJFUzI1NiIsImt...", // Access Token to validate
"id_token": "eyJhbGciOiJFUzI1Ni...",
"refresh_token": "27805:CNf76faa8trMhjXM...",
"expires_in": 3600,
"token_type": "Bearer",
"auth_method": "OTP"
"user": {
"ID": "abcdefgh-abcd-abcd-abcd-af6f81fb5432", // Cotter User ID
"created_at": "2020-07-21T05:50:14.182738Z",
"updated_at": "2020-07-21T06:00:47.115096Z",
"deleted_at": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z",
"issuer": "<YOUR_API_KEY_ID>",
"identifier": ""

Send this payload to your backend to register or login the user in your database. A typical flow would look like this:

  1. Validate the access token

  2. Check if the email exists in your database

    • If it doesn't exists: Create a new user

    • If it exists: Continue login

  3. (Optional) If you want to use your own session tokens, set the cookie here after validating the access token.

  4. (Optional) if you want to use Cotter's tokens, either store Cotter's access token in the cookie or on the front-end side.


Node.js (Express)
Python (Flask)
Node.js (Express)
const express = require("express");
const app = express();
var cors = require("cors");
var bodyParser = require("body-parser");
var cotterNode = require("cotter-node");
var cotterToken = require("cotter-token-js");
var session = require("express-session");
const port = 3005;
// EXAMPLE LOGIN ENDPOINT"/login", async (req, res) => {
// Validate access token
const access_token = req.body.oauth_token.access_token;
var valid = false;
try {
valid = await cotterNode.CotterValidateJWT(access_token);
} catch (e) {
valid = false;
if (!valid) {
res.status(403).end("Invalid access token");
// (Optional) Read access token
let decoded = new cotterToken.CotterAccessToken(access_token);
// (Optional) Register or Login User
// (Optional) Set access token as cookie
app.listen(port, () =>
console.log(`Example app listening at http://localhost:${port}`)
Python (Flask)
from flask import Flask
from flask import request
from flask_cors import CORS
import requests
from jose import jwt
app = Flask(__name__)
@app.route('/login', methods=['POST'])
def login(name=None):
req = request.get_json();
# Getting jwt key
r = requests.get(url = CotterJWKSURL);
data = r.json();
public_key = data["keys"][0];
# Getting access token and validate it
token = req["oauth_token"]["access_token"]
resp = jwt.decode(token, public_key, algorithms='ES256', audience=API_KEY_ID)
# User Authenticated!
# 1) If user doesn't exist, register user to db. Otherwise, continue
# 2) Either use Cotter's Access Token for your entire API authorization
# OR
# You can Generate your JWT Tokens or other session management here
return resp;

Validating Cotter's Access Token

Read more on how to verify the OAuth Tokens from Cotter here: